Ways and Means or the Last Shift, c1844, Edward Winstanley, State Library of NSW

Work in the Parramatta Female Factory related to both the manufacturing aspect and sustaining a government prison.

Manufacturing included textile production – spinning and weaving. Wool, linen and linsey woolsey were produced. These were converted primarily into sails, blankets and slop clothing. All three classes were involved in manufacturing, however each was done in a different work area.

Other kinds of production included straw plaiting, sewing and knitting,

Washing and sewing were also done by all classes. Nurses and monitoresses were drawn from first class and washing, oakum picking and rock breaking was confined to third class activities.